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Confused about all the canna jargon and terminology? In this blog we break some of that down.

When you first come across CBD and all the terms and acronyms that come with it, you might left thinking just what it all means. So this blog is all about explaining what the likes of Terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoids all mean!


Cannabidiol (CBD) is just one of over 100 cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. CBD is non intoxicating and is used in numerous food supplements and skincare products. It has been known to help reduce ailments such as stress & anxiety. Sleep disorders, pain management and common skin problems such as eczema & psoriasis.

With more studies being done with a better understanding of what CBD is capable, it’s fast becoming the go to for a lot of people. Studies show 50% of millennials say they would use CBD, seeking a more natural route for mental & physical ailments to include in their daily routine to help keep a healthy and balanced lifestyle.



Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the one main compounds responsible for the psychoactive and intoxicating effects of cannabis consumption. THC is what gives you that ‘high’ or ‘stoned’ feeling.

Cannabis plants contain tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), the non-active version of this compound. But when cannabis is decarboxylated through heating to a high temperature, drying, or curing, the acid molecule (the “A” in THCA) reduces while THC is activated. This results in the effects we associate with consuming THC.


Cannabigerol (CBG) ‘The Mother of all Cannabinoids’ is parent to CBD, CBC, and THC. But it’s not found in large quantities within the hemp plant itself. Early studies show CBG may be used to support our bodily function and fight against various conditions related to chronic illness and autoimmune conditions.

CBG creates CBD along with other cannabinoids. Just like the process of THCA, CBGA, the acidic form of CBG, is transformed by plant enzymes into three cannabinoid precursors: THCA, CBDA, and CBCA.  The leftover amounts of CBGA that were not converted into the three cannabinoid precursors above, constructs CBG and that is the reason it comes in such low quantity, this can pose an issue for cultivators but is being described as liquid gold and is said to be the next big thing in the many cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant.

– Terpenes

Terpenes are aromatic compounds found within many plants, but the cannabis plant has them abundance. Cannabis terpenes are the aromatic oils secreted by the resin glands of the plant and there are around 80 to over a hundred terpenes found in the cannabis plant.

These terpenes is what gives plants a particular taste or smell.  For example, it’s the reason why lavender imparts its soothing aroma and why certain marijuana strains have a citrusy, floral, or even woody flavour and scent.

The power of what terpenes have to offer goes further than just the nose and tongue. Terpenes play a very important role as terpenes can bind with the same receptors as cannabinoids to create various effects, such as calming and relaxing.


– Flavonoids

Flavonoids are not unique to just the cannabis plant and thanks to some very clever people, scientists have identified thousands of them throughout nature, from flowers to fruits and vegetables. Similar to terpenes, flavonoids share a role in how we perceive cannabis through our senses. Flavonoids are responsible for plants pigmentation, and a large majority of edible fruits and vegetables containing non-green pigmentation, owe their bright colours in part to flavonoids.

flavonoids are  pharmacologically active. Preliminary research points towards the medicinal benefits of the Cannaflavins found exclusively in cannabis. Take the flavonoid Quercetin for example, this can be found in many fruits and vegetables. It’s a compound that is a known for its anti-fungal and antioxidant properties. Catechins, a flavonoid which is found in cocoa, pome fruits and teas, is also known to be an antioxidant with cardiovascular health benefits. In cannabis, cannaflavin A is pharmacologically active, with studies showing it has anti-inflammatory properties that is said to be stronger than those found in Aspirin. Cannaflavin B and C are also being studied for their potential medical benefits. Other highly active flavonoids found in cannabis include Quercetin, Silymarin, Orientin and Kaempferol, all with anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, antioxidant, and anti-cancer potential­, with more and more studies taking place, soon we will understand these key compounds found in cannabis more.


– Entourage effect

CBD can come in different forms, full spectrum, broad spectrum, and isolate (CBD only) You can check out our blog on this topic more information here –  When CBD isn’t isolated from the cannabis plant and present alongside all other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, this is a phenomenon known as the ‘entourage’ effect. The entourage effect was coined by scientists to describe the synergistic impact of all of the cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes that are found within cannabis plant working alongside each other to give a much more powerful effect.

Other than CBD and THC, the other common cannabinoids found are:

  • CBG (Cannabigerol)
  • CBC (Cannabichromene)
  • CBGV (Cannabigerivarin)
  • CBDV (Cannabidivarin)
  • CBCV (Cannabichromevarin)
  • THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin)

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