cbd vs. thc - happy hemper

CBD vs. THC: what are the main differences between them?

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If you are entering the cannabis universe, it is likely that you will constantly come across two acronyms: CBD vs. THC. Is that right?

And no less!

Knowing these two compounds is super important, especially for those who intend to insert one of them (or both!) into their routine.

However, they still lead to being in doubt and are often confused to their same origin, the daisy plant Cannabis sativa L. 

But, relax! We will help you understand the main differences between CBD and THC and its actual interactions with our body. 

So, ready to embark on this journey? Let’s go!

The Cannabis sativa L. plant: a true universe of substances 

CBD and THC are widely known to be two of the most abundant phytocannabinoids in the Cannabis sativa L.

Too many difficult words in the same sentence? So let’s take it into parts:

Firstly, phytocannabinoids are compounds found in the plant.

Currently, there are more than 120 types of phytocannabinoids in Cannabis, in addition to terpenes, flavonoids and other compounds.

Now, the time has come to understand the relationship between phytocannabinoids and the human body.

CBD vs. THC: Cannabis substances in the human body

While the plant Cannabis sativa L. produces phytocannabinoids, humans have an endocannabinoid system, with several receptors distributed throughout the body.

The body’s receptors work like a lock, which only open with specific keys: cannabinoids.

When extracted from the plant and ingested by humans, cannabinoids become the keys that open locks perfectly.

The endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating various physiological processes, such as appetite, pain, mood and memory.

This is why substances from the Cannabis sativa plant have such an impact on the human body.

Now that you understand how phytocannabinoids interact with the human body, it’s time to talk about CBD vs. THC.

Ready to get even more specific?

What is CBD?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is just one of over 120 phytocannabinoids found in the  Cannabis sativa L. 

Although it does not bind directly, it strongly interacts with two cannabinoid receptors that are located in the endocannabinoid system: CB1 and CB2.

It is increasingly gaining prominence in the scientific community due to its wide variety of therapeutic effects:

  • Anti-inflammatory: reduces inflammation in the body, aiding in the treatment of inflammatory conditions, arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, skin irritations and acne.
  • Analgesic: Helps relieve chronic, muscle and pain-related pain from fibromyalgia. 
  • Anxiolytic: Preliminary studies suggest that CBD may be helpful in managing anxiety and stress.
  • Neuroprotective: has been seen to have significant potential in protecting the nervous system and brain cells against damage and degeneration.

Faced with the boom of information that has emerged about the substance in recent times, several doubts have begun to appear among enthusiasts and supporters of the use of the substance.

Check this:

Is CBD addictive?

In a 2018 report , published by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs of the World Health Organization (WHO), it was concluded that CBD does not have addictive properties and does not demonstrate abuse potential. 

Furthermore, it does not trigger psychotic symptoms. On the contrary, preliminary studies have indicated antipsychotic properties.

Now that you know a little about CBD, it’s time to talk about THC. Are you ready?

What is THC?

Consider the same explanation of the lock and key system.

THC, like CBD, interacts with the endocannabinoid system.

However, unlike the first one, when it is in our body, it binds directly to CB1 and CB2 receptors.

Another important difference is in the effects caused by the two substances.

See below:

Effects of THC on the human body:

Psychoactive effect of THC

The binding of THC to CB1 receptors leads to the activation of signaling pathways in the brain, resulting in the psychoactive effects of the substance:

  • Feeling “high” (euphoria, mood swings)
  • Altered perception
  • Increased appetite
  • Increased production of dopamine and serotonin

THC may also influence the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin, contributing to the associated pleasure and reward effects.

Potential therapeutic effects

The THC interactions with the endocannabinoid system also have potential therapeutic effects, such as pain reduction, muscle relaxation and appetite stimulation.

However, unlike CBD, which already has more robust evidence and research, studies with THC are still in their initial stages.

Is THC an addictive substance?

Although it may not be very common, psychological dependence and, in rare cases, physical dependence on THC is possible.

Thus, psychological dependence is associated with the habits, frequency and place that the substance occupies in the person’s life.

In addition, studies indicate that the use of THC is a risk for people with a predisposition to psychotic disorders.

In 2009, a research which was published on the British Journal of Psychiatry, analised a huge amount of community researches and has concluded that people suffering from family or self psychological disorders and people with a personal or family history of psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are more likely and  at risk of expressing psychotic symptoms when using THC.

Happy Hemper: are they CBD or THC products? 

cbd subscribe - happy hemper

The products selected and produced by Happy Hemper have cannabidiol, the legal substance and without psychoactive effects of Cannabis sativa L.

Thus, they follow all safety, quality and legality recommendations established in the United Kingdom.

In addition, our brand products are derived from organic and EU-certified hemp.

Hemp is recommended by the Health Products Regulatory Agency for having high concentrations of CBD, along with terpenes, flavonoids and other compounds.

Therefore, with Happy Hemper you can have the peace of mind to know that you are using high quality and provenance products.

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